An Examination of Offenders Released from State Prison in the First Year of Public Safety Realignment
The Cornerstone of California’s Solution to Reduce Overcrowding, Costs, and Recidivism
In 2011, Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. signed Assembly Bill (AB) 109 and AB 117, historic legislation that has helped California to close the revolving door of low-level inmates cycling in and out of state prisons. It is the cornerstone of California’s solution for reducing the number of inmates in the state’s 33 prisons to 137.5 percent of design capacity by June 27, 2013, as ordered by the Three-Judge Court and affirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court.
All provisions of AB 109 and AB 117 are prospective and implementation of the 2011 Realignment Legislation began October 1, 2011.
No inmates in state prison have been or will be transferred to county jails or released early.
In November 2012, California voters approved Governor Brown’s Proposition 30, which created a constitutional amendment that protected ongoing funding to the counties for Realignment. The amendment prohibits the Legislature from reducing or removing funding to the counties.
"For too long, the state’s prison system has been a revolving door for lower-level offenders and parole violators who are released within months—often before they are even transferred out of a reception center. Cycling these offenders through state prisons wastes money, aggravates crowded conditions, thwarts rehabilitation, and impedes local law enforcement supervision." – Governor Edmund G. Brown, Jr., Governor’s Press Release, April 5, 2011.
The 2011 Realignment is funded with a dedicated portion of state sales tax revenue and Vehicle License Fees (VLF) outlined in trailer bills AB 118 and SB 89. The latter provided revenue to counties for local public safety programs and the former established the Local Revenue Fund for counties to receive the revenues and appropriate funding for 2011 Public Safety Realignment.
CDCR Weekly Inmate Population
Tip: Mouse over each node to see the exact population for the date shown
*Three-Judge Court order covers population levels in the 34 adult institutions in California.
**Overall population includes inmates in fire camps and private facilities (in-state and out-of-state), as well as inmates in the 34 institutions covered by the Three-Judge Court order.
***The target is based on the current “design capacity” of CDCR’s prison system. That number will increase with the scheduled activation of in-fill projects at two prisons. The resulting increase in design capacity will raise the Three-Judge Court’s benchmark population cap proportionally.
CDCR Weekly Parole Population
Mouse over each node to see the exact population for the date shown
An Overview of AB 109, the 2011 Public Safety Realignment
Darby Kernan, (former) Assistant Secretary, Office of Legislation, provides an overview of the implementation of Assembly Bill 109 – the 2011 Public Safety Realignment. The law, effective October 1, 2011, mandates that individuals sentenced to non-serious, non-violent or non-sex offenses will serve their sentences in county jails instead of state prison.No inmates currently in state prison have been or will be transferred to county jails or released early.
Information about trailer bills that were signed to secure sufficient funding for counties including: AB 111, AB 94, AB 118, SB 89, SB 87...more
The Community Corrections Partnership (CCP), which was previously established in Penal Code § 1230, will develop and recommend...more
AB 109 allows non-violent, non-serious, and non-sex offenders to serve their sentence in county jails instead of state prisons. However, counties can contract back...more