Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

The following are common questions pertaining to CDCR’s Division of Rehabilitative Programs (DRP):

What is recidivism?

Recidivism is when people habitually relapse into crime resulting in a return to prison. Example: an offender who is released and does not end up back in prison has avoided recidivism, while a former inmate who commits another crime and returns to prison has recidivated.

What is the term “criminogenic”?

Criminogenic is a factor or set of factors that influence an individual’s tendency toward criminal behavior. The greater the criminogenic rating, the more likely an individual is to commit crimes.

What does rehabilitation mean in relation to prison?

As defined by, rehabilitation means “to restore to a condition of good health, ability to work, or the like.” As applied to inmates and parolees, this definition fits the mission of the Division of Rehabilitative Programs of using evidence-based rehabilitative programming to change the criminal mindset, so inmates leave prison prepared to be healthy, productive members of society.

What is an offender?

At CDCR, the term “offender” refers to a person who has broken the law and is now serving time in prison as an inmate. While technically the term offender can also apply to people on parole, DRP uses it for inmates in prison.

What is a correctional counselor?

As part of their duties, Correctional Counselors work inside prisons to assist in the assessment, development, and recommended correctional programming for their assigned inmates.

What is Cognitive Behavioral Treatment?

DRP provides evidence-based Cognitive Behavioral Treatment (CBT) programs that address negative patterns of thought, including: substance use disorder, anger management, family relationships and criminal thinking. This is accomplished through assessments, treatment plans, individual and group therapy, counseling, motivational interviewing, role-playing, and other methods. The women’s CBT also offers programming that is gender-responsive and trauma-informed.

What is a COMPAS assessment?

The needs of inmates vary greatly. To provide more targeted rehabilitation, CDCR uses an evidence-based tool called the Correctional Offender Management Profiling for Alternative Sanctions (COMPAS), to assess an inmate’s needs and target those needs. If an inmate has not had a COMPAS assessment, they should speak with their Correctional Counselor.

IMPORTANT: The COMPAS assessment is one of the most influential tools CDCR uses to determine an inmate’s rehabilitative needs and will be administered repeatedly throughout the inmate’s stay in prison. Because of this, it is vital that an inmate take the proper time to understand and be absolutely truthful in their COMPAS assessment; if they are not, it is unlikely their needs will be met due to a lack of facts.

What is a CSRA assessment?

The California Static Risk Assessment (CSRA) uses an inmate’s past criminal history and characteristics to predict their risk to reoffend. If an inmate is unsure if they have had a CSRA assessment, they should speak with their Correctional Counselor.

What is the TABE testing?

To have access to Academic Basic Education in prison, an inmate needs to take the Test of Adult Basic Education (TABE). Testing yields a TABE grade-point level (GPL) score which determines the inmate’s educational level. If the inmate does not have a TABE GPL score on file, can submit a form to the Testing Coordinator requesting TABE testing.

What is the California Logic Model?

Adopted by CDCR in 2007, the California Logic Model (CLM) is California’s 8-step model for delivering effective rehabilitation.